Glaucoma Specialist

Eyes On Henry

Optometrists located in Spartanburg, SC

Sometimes called the silent thief of sight, glaucoma is a common eye condition and a leading cause of blindness. Louis Martin, OD, and the team at Eyes On Henry, in Spartanburg, South Carolina, offer comprehensive eye exams to diagnose glaucoma as early as possible and customized treatments to heal your eyes and protect your vision. Call Eyes On Henry or schedule an eye exam online today for an essential glaucoma screening.

Glaucoma Q&A

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that develops when pressure builds up inside your eye and damages your optic nerve. 

Sometimes called the silent thief of sight, glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness. The condition usually doesn’t cause any symptoms until your optic nerve is damaged, and your vision is irreparably damaged. 

There are two types of glaucoma: open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma. Your eyes have small openings, called drainage angles, between your cornea and iris that allow extra fluid to drain out of your eyes. The type of glaucoma is determined by whether those angles are open or blocked. 

Open-angle glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of the disease. It develops slowly and is usually due to a problem in the trabecular mesh and drainage canals in your eyes, but your drainage angles are unobstructed. 

Closed-angle glaucoma

Closed-angle glaucoma is rare but develops suddenly when your drainage angles become narrow or close, causing a sudden rise in intraocular pressure. Closed-angle glaucoma causes acute attacks and symptoms, including:

  • Suddenly blurry vision
  • Severe eye pain
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rainbow-colored halos 

If you develop any of these symptoms, call Eyes On Henry right away for immediate treatment. 

What causes glaucoma?

The precise cause of glaucoma isn’t fully understood. However, your genetics play a critical role. If you have a family member who has glaucoma, your risk of developing the condition increases. 

Additionally, as you age, your chances of getting an eye disease like glaucoma increase. The best way to protect your vision and your eye health is to have regular eye exams with experts like the team at Eyes On Henry.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Glaucoma doesn’t usually cause symptoms, and the only way to catch the disease in its early stages before it causes permanent damage is to have routine eye exams. 

The team at Eyes On Henry uses a series of tests to screen for glaucoma. The team will measure the pressue in the eye and dilate your pupil to assess the health of the optic nerve which can be affected by glaucoma. Other tests check your side vision, cornea thickness, and the health of the nerve fiber layer that is affected by glaucoma. 

How is glaucoma treated?

Fortunately, when glaucoma is caught early, the team at Eyes On Henry can treat the disease before it wreaks havoc on your vision. 

They may prescribe medicated eye drops to either open your drainage angles and increase the fluid flow or reducing the amount of aqueous fluid your eyes produce. They can also refer you for laser surgery to improve your eye drainage. 

Regular eye exams are critical to detecting and treating glaucoma to save your vision. Call Eyes On Henry or make an appointment online today.